What is CNG Full Form, Meaning, And Definition

On this page, We are going to learn about the full form of CNG and the meaning of CNG, As well as the meaning, definition, abbreviation, and acronym for CNG in different categories. So you should read this post till the end.

The Full Form of CNG: Compressed Natural Gas

CNG stands for Compressed Natural Gas. CNG is a type of nonrenewable energy source. It is produced by compressing small amounts of natural gas to increase its density, which is primarily composed of methane.

It is a type of clean-burning fuel that is used as a substitute for gasoline in vehicles in trucks, buses, and trains. it is also known as ideal fuel because it emits very little CO2, CO, NOx, and pollution as compared to Petrol, Diesel, coal, and other fuel substance.

Composition of Compressed Natural Gas

Mainly, CNG is made up of three components methane, propane, and ethane. And the most prominent in it is methane is CH4.

  • CNG contains reactive hydrocarbons 70% and nitrogen oxides 85%.
  • It is a colorless, odorless, toxin-free gas.
  • Whereas all other fuels contain toxic substances like lead, sulfur, and CO. that harm our environment.
  • With the help of Oil Deposits, Landfills, and Wastewater Treatment Plants, Methane CH4 is compressed and kept inside a special type of Spherical or Cylindrical cylinder at 20–25 MPa (3000–3600 Psi) pressure.
  • This gas is 40% lighter than air. When it leaks in the open air, it goes upwards from the air.
  • Its nature is non-toxic i.e. no one is harmed due to its secretion in the open air.

Who invented CNG gas?

The credit for discovering natural gas goes to William Hart. The first natural gas discovery started in America in 1626. Although CNG gas was invented in America in the year 1800.

At that time CNG was the best option in terms of saving the environment. Over time, Italy, and many countries in Europe also started using Compressed Natural Gas.

Features and Advantages of CNG

  • CNG fuel can be easily filled in vehicles at CNG gas stations.
  • CNG gas is very economical as compared to petrol and diesel.
  • It is very easy to use, cheap and safe.
  • It is non-toxic, and it does not contain any poisonous substance or extraneous. so it does not harmful to any human, animal, or bird.
  • the octane number of CNG is 127. But The octane number of petrol is 95.
  • Due to the high octane number, it can be used easily.
  • CNG contains 95% methane, so CNG gas is highly flammable.
  • Compressed Natural Gas is completely colorless and odorless.
  • CNG is made up of 95% methane and the combustion of methane is 100%
  • CNG Fuel is adulterated-free. There is no possibility of any kind of adulteration in this.