On this page, We are going to learn about the full form of TCP and the meaning of TCP, As well as the meaning, definition, and acronym for TCP in different categories. So you should read this post till the end.
Full Form of TCP: Transmission Control Protocol
TCP Stands for Transmission Control Protocol. TCP is the main protocol that helps to transfer data between websites, web servers, and other computer systems.
In short, The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a fundamental communication protocol that is used for transferring data over a network using a series of packets.
Each packet contains information about its destination and is sent over the network by a system on the sender’s side and then forwarded to the recipient on the recipient’s side.
The recipient processes the packet by reassembling the original data from the packet’s headers and then sending the decoded data to the application.
History of TCP Protocol
DARPA scientists Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn developed the TCP/IP protocol in the 1970s. He began working on reliable data communication over packet radio networks in 1973,
And then he developed TCP, which is used today on the Internet for data communication. In December 1974, RFC 675 was published for TCP.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a standard Internet protocol today that permits long-distance communication between digital computers.
How many layers are there in TCP / IP (TCP / IP Layer in Hindi)
There Are Four Layers Of TCP/IP Models Which Are the Following-
- Network Layer
Data is sent and received by the network layer, which determines how it is to be sent. In a network, the network layer is responsible for data communication between devices and applications. It is the lowest layer of the TCP/IP protocol.
- Internet Layer
A datagram is a connectionless method of communicating over a network, which uses the Internet layer. Ensures that datagrams reach their destination by controlling their sending and movement over the network. It is the third layer of the TCP/IP protocol.
- Transport Layer
When the data reaches the transport layer, it is separated into packets and processed in sequence. The transport layer offers a stable and dependable connection for the data to reach its destination.
The transport layer chooses where, how much, and at what rate data should be conveyed. The TCP/IP protocol sends data in sequence as a result of this layer. The TCP/IP protocol’s second layer is represented by this.
- Application Layer
The user’s connection is provided by the application layer. The user can communicate with the application directly at the application layer. as in an email system. The TCP/IP connection’s top layer is represented by this.
Features of TCP IP
- TCP/IP is a reliable protocol for Internet data communication.
- TCP/IP allows secure data transfer.
- There is a range of 20 to 60 bytes in the header size of the TCP protocol.
- A TCP connection is an open protocol that belongs to no company and can be used by anyone.
- TCP is used for data transfer across large networks.
- To transfer data through the TCP protocol, the device must have a connection.
- There are some of the most commonly used acronyms, abbreviations, full forms, and the TCP meaning are listed in different categories below the table.
Advantages of TCP/IP Protocol
There Are Many Advantages Of TCP Protocol Such As –
- TCP Is A Reliable Protocol That Guarantees The Successful Delivery Of Data.
- The TCP Protocol Sends Data In A Sequence.
- It Is An Open Suite Protocol, Anyone Can Use It.
- TCP Protocol Is Best For Establishing Connection Between Different Computers.
- The TCP Protocol Is Capable Of Transferring Data Even Over Long Distances In The Network.
- The TCP Model Works Independently.
A disadvantage of TCP/IP Protocol
There Are Also Some Disadvantages Of TCP Protocol Which Are As Follows –
- Managing The TCP Protocol Is A Very Complex Process.
- TCP Is Designed For Large Networks Like WAN, Not Installed In Smaller Networks Like LAN, and PAN.
- TCP Does Not Explain The Difference Between A Data Link And A Physical Layer, But Their Functions Are Very Different.
- It Is Slow As Compared To UDP Protocol.
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