The Full Form of DHCP Meaning, and Definition 

On this page, We are going to learn about the full form of DHCP and the meaning of DHCP, As well as the meaning, definition, and acronym for DHCP in different categories. So you should read this post till the end.

Full Form of DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHCP Stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. DHCP is a networking protocol used to automatically assign an IP address and other configuration parameters to network devices such as computers, routers, and network switches. Most operating systems, including Windows and macOS, use DHCP to obtain the basic configuration information.

Uses of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

Network administrators can use the DHCP server to automatically configure IP addresses, subnet masks, default gateways, and other parameters for network devices such as computers and network routers.

DHCP is defined as a client/server protocol, in which a DHCP server supplies network information to DHCP clients. DHCP was designed to reduce the amount of manual configuration required to configure a network.

Components of DHCP

Computers are automatically assigned IP addresses by DHCP, which has some important components. Let’s understand, What is the function of each DHCP component?

DHCP Server: This component runs in the network device (Router). The main function of the DHCP Server is to Provide IP addresses to new devices and to store the information lost from that device.

DHCP client: Users or clients run this component on their computers. The DHCP server assigns the IP address to the client’s or user’s computer when it generates an IP address.

IP address pool: The task of this component is to remember how much IP address is still left with the server and how many clients can be given from it.

Subnet: This component works to logically divide the IP address or IP network into two or more segments. Which is called Subnet. This makes it very easy to manage the network.

Lease: This is a time in which the DHCP client keeps the IP address information on hold. And when the Lease becomes feudal, the DHCP Clint has to renew it again.

DHCP relay: This is a protocol of TCP / IP, which forwards the message of DHCP between the client and the server.

Benefits of DHCP

Centralized administration of IP configuration: All the commuters in the network store all the configurations of the given IP address in one place. With this, the administrator can easily see and manage the list of that configuration.

Dynamic host configuration: Provides automatic IP address to all client computers in the DHCP network. With this, the user does not have to manually assign an IP address every time. DHCP saves users a lot of time.

Seamless IP hosting configuration: DHCP provides IP addresses to computers immediately. and also It assigns not only IP addresses, but also subnet masks, default gateways, and DND servers automatically.

Flexibility and Scalability: DHCP is a flexible and scalable protocol. The administrator can change the range of IP addresses given by DHCP and create a new network by giving a different range.


There are some of the most commonly used acronyms, abbreviations, full forms, and the DHCP meaning are listed in different categories below the table.

TermsFull Forms
DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Network Computing
DHCPDecentralized Hospital Computer Program
DHCPDear Health Care Professional