The Full Form of MNREGA: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
MNREGA stands for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. MGNEEGA is a guaranteed employment scheme in India that was legalized by law on September 7, 2005.
It is a government program that guarantees a minimum of 100 days of employment per year to people in rural areas who do not have any particular skill, i.e., they are unskilled laborers who can only do manual work.
Employment is provided for tasks such as building roads, canals, ponds, and wells. This way, unemployed people get employment, and rural areas also develop.
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005, was established as a labor law, and later the name of ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ was added to this right-to-work law, and it became MGNREGA.
What works are done under MNREGA.
Under MGNREGA, the following works are carried out:
- Water conservation
- Flood control
- Construction of various types of housing
- Land development
- Tree planting for drought prevention
- Construction of rural roads
- Minor irrigation.
What should be the eligibility for MNREGA scheme
To be eligible for the NREGA scheme, the following criteria must be met:
- The applicant must be a citizen of India.
- The applicant must be willing to do unskilled labor.
- The minimum age for applying is 18 years.
- The applicant must be a part of a local household, meaning the application must be made in coordination with the local Gram Panchayat.
The eligibility criteria for the NREGA scheme have been kept simple so that a large number of rural people can benefit from it.