On this page, We are going to learn about the full form of ENIAC and the meaning of ENIAC, As well as the meaning, definition, and acronym for ENIAC in different categories. So you should read this post till the end.
Full Form of ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
ENIAC Stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), designed by John von Neumann and his colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania,
ENIAC was the first electronic general-purpose computer that performs mathematical calculations, using a set of numerical algorithms.
History Behind the ENIAC Computer
It was invented in 1946 and was one of the first machines capable of performing a wide range of mathematical calculations.
The design of the ENIAC was based on the earlier design of the IAS machine that John Mauchly and his colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania had created in the late 1930s.
There were 30 tons of weight with 200 kW of electricity used by the Eniac. A total of 18,000 vacuum tubes and 1500 relays were used to make it. As well as
There were thousands of resistors (resistors), capacitors (capacitors), and inductors (inductors) in it. It used to occupy 1800 square feet of space. Its cost was around Rs.3 crore.
The ENIAC was first used in the Second World War to calculate the hydrogen bomb for its manufacture.
An Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) can do a wide range of calculations, including those used in science and engineering. It is used in fields such as weather forecasting, astronomy, and pharmaceutical research.
What was The Feature of ENIAC
- Milliseconds were required to calculate the data on this computer.
- It is capable of storing information.
- Vacuum tubes were used in this. Which were available cheaply.
- In this tactic sensitivity was preserved.
- It was color coded so that the readings were easily and quickly identified.
- ENIAC is used to perform both mathematical and transfer operations at the same time.
- To solve a difficult problem, it took a lot of time to set up the ENIAC.
- The ENIAC is a model for all other computers, seeing what other computers have been built.
- In this, instead of transistors, vacuum tubes were used. Because transistors were not invented at that time.
What was The Drawback of ENIAC
- The system had to be maintained constantly.
- There was a need for air conditioning.
- The program was written exclusively in machine language.
- It used to heat up very quickly. Because there were thousands of vacuum tubes in it.
- It used to take a lot of electricity.
- It was not reliable.
- Its programming capability was limited.
- The size of this computer was so large, so It was not portable.