ISRO Stands for Indian Space Research Organisation. ISRO is a Space organization of the Indian govrnment, which manufactures satellites and technology by doing space-related research. Their main purpose is to develop artificial satellites, rocket launches, launch vehicles, ground systems.
ISRO was established on 15 August 1969 by Vikram Sarabhai. The headquarter of ISRO is located in Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka state. ISRO has more than 40 centers including six major centers and many other units, agencies, facilities, and laboratories.
What is the main Objective of ISRO
the main purpose of ISRO is to discover, develop and manufacture launch vehicles and related technologies to maintain its presence in space.
- To build the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)
- Building the Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-Mark-III)
- To build Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-Mark III) with heavy payload capacity
- designing earth observation satellites
- Development of guided satellite system
- Exploring planets related to space science
- Developing space based systems for social use
- develop advanced technologies
- Working in the field of training, capacity building and teaching
- dissemination of space technology
- To assist in the development of infrastructure, facilities and mission functions
- establish international cooperation
History of ISRO
- 1962 – A national committee was formed by the Department of Atomic Energy for space research. And the development work for the rocket launch was started in Thumba, Thiruvananthapuram.
- 1963 – The first rocket was launched from Thumba in Thiruvananthapuram on 21 November 1963.
- 1965 – The “Centre for Space Science and Technology” was established at Thumba, Thiruvananthapuram.
- 1967 – “Satellite Communication System Center” was established in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
- 1972 – Space Commission and Department of Space were established.
- 1975 – On 19 April 1975, India launched its first satellite with the help of Russia. The name of this satellite was Aryabhata. It was named after the great mathematician Aryabhata.
- 1976 – Experimental steps taken for the first time for education through satellite.
- 1979 – Bhaskar-1, an experimental satellite, was launched.
- 1980 – Rohini satellite was successfully placed in orbit with the help of SLV-3.
- 1981 – Successfully launched a geological communication satellite named ‘Apple’. And in November this year Bhaskar-2 was also launched.
- 1982 – INSTAT-1A was launched in April
- 1984 – “Rakesh Sharma” has the distinction of becoming the first Indian astronaut in a joint space mission by India and the Soviet Union.
- 2000 – INSTANT-3B was successfully launched on 22 March 2000.
- 2002 – INSAT-3C was successfully launched in January. Kalpana-1 was successfully launched by PSLV-C4 in September.
- 2004 – GSLV Edusat was successfully launched.
- 2008 – “Chandrayaan” successfully launched on 22 October
- 2013 – “Mangalyaan” was successfully launched on 5th November
- 2014 – Geostationary Satellite Launch (GSLV-D5) was successfully launched on 5 January. On 24 September, Mangalyaan (298 days after launch) was placed in the orbit of Mars.
- 2015 – On 29 September, it successfully launched AstroSat, India’s first observatory dedicated to astronomical research.
- 2016 – On 23 May, it launched its first reusable space shuttle completely built in India. 22 June: 20 satellites were simultaneously launched on PSLV C-37. August 28: The first successful pilot test of a scramjet engine with an atmospheric propulsion system was conducted. 8 September 2016: INSAT-3DR was put into space for the first time with the successful flight of GSLV-F05 using an indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS).
- 2017 – ISRO launches 108 satellites and sets a world record.
- 2019 – Chandrayaan-2 was successfully launched.
Finally, you have got the answer to the question of “What is ISRO”. Thus, ISRO is an acronym. So it has many full forms in different categories. Finally, ISRO has many Full-Forms listed in different categories below the table. Let’s Learn the ISRO Full Form in English.