There are seven continents on the earth that is parts of the land of the earth. that is Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica. similarly, There are about 250 countries on all the continents of the world, but according to the United Nations, only 193 out of 195 countries are recognized. These All countries are located on some content of the world and we are going to discuss these Countries their Capitals Cities and Continent in detail. So we sincerely hope that you know how many continents and How many Countries are there in the world by the end of this article.
What is a Continent?
A continent is a vast Expand of land that appears separate from the ocean on Earth, it is very large in size. in short, The very large terrestrial landmass raised above the sea surface is called continents. 29% of the land on the earth. Each continent has its own wide area and has a unique name and identity. All continents are separated from each other by water or land.
How did the continents formed?
During the twentieth century, geologists based on the plate tectonic theory that continents drifted across the Earth’s surface, known as continental drift or continental drift. There are seven major and several minor tectonic plates on the Earth’s surface. And these tectonic plates break away from each other, forming continents over time.
- In 1912, the German scholar Alfred Wegener proposed the theory of continental flow. According to him, in the Carboniferous era, the entire continent existed as a huge land block, which was called Pangea. The name Pangea was given by Alfred Wegener.
- In his book “The Origin of Continents and Oceans” he considered that all continents were at one time part of a larger continent, which he called a “supercontinent”.
- A vast ocean was located around Pangea, which was named Panthalassa.
- Pangea had an ocean extending from east to west called the Tithys Sea.
- To the north of the Tithys Sea was Angaraland and to the south was Gondwanaland. Asia, Europe, and North America were part of Angaraland.
- While South America, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica were part of Gondwanaland.
So, The world’s 7 continents are located in the Earth’s land area (29%) these are Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica.
|continent||No. of countries||Area (sq km and sq mi)||population|
|Asia||49||44,579,000 sq km (17,212,000 sq mi)|
(about 30% of Earth’s total land area and 8.7% of Earth’s total surface area)
|4.5 billion (about 60% of the world’s population)|
|Europe||51||10,180,000 sq km (3,930,000 sq mi)|
(2% of Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area)
|741 million (about 11% of the world population)|
|Africa||54||30,370,000 sq km (11,730,000 sq mi)|
(6% of the Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area)
|1.3 billion (about 16% of the world’s population)|
|North America||23 |
(22 dependent territories)
|24,709,000 sq km (9,540,000 sq mi)|
(about 16.5% of Earth’s land area and about 4.8% of its total surface area)
|579 million (about 7.5% of the world’s population)|
|South America||12 |
(3 dependent areas)
|17,840,000 sq km (6,890,000 sq mi)|
(about 12.0% of the Earth’s area)
|423 million (about 5.6% of the world’s population)|
|Antarctica||There is no country on Antarctica||14,200,000 sq km (5,500,000 sq mi)|
(about 9.2% of the Earth’s area)
|4,490 (approximately <0.1% of the world’s population)|
|Australia||14||8,600,000 sq km (3,300,000 sq mi)|
(about 5.9% of the Earth’s area)
|39,000,000 (about 0.5% of the world’s population)|
List of Asian Continent Countries, and their Capitals
The Asian continent is the largest continent in the world, It covers about 30 percent of the entire world’s land. It is spread over an area of 31,033,131 km02 and the total number of countries in it is 51. and it consists of a wide range of diverse countries, cultures, and landscapes. It is bordered by the continents of Europe and Africa to the west, Oceania to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The countries that make up the Asian continent include China, India, and Pakistan in the east, and Russia, Kazakhstan, and Siberia in the north. The Asian continent is also home to the highest mountains in the world, including the Himalayas and the Pamir Plateau. let’s explore a list of Asian countries and capital.
- There are 48 countries on the Asian continent
- The largest country in Asia – China
- The smallest country in Asia – Maldives
- Longest River in Asia – Yangtsikyang
- Highest mountain peak in Asia – Mount Everest (8850 m)
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan||Asia|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte |
|Tibet (PR China)||Lhasa||Asia|
|United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi||Asia|
List of African Continent Countries, and their Capitals
The African continent is the world’s second-largest continent that covers over 11 million square miles of land. and the total number of countries in it is 58. Africa covers around 20.2 percent of the total land area of the globe. The continent is known for its vast deserts, dense forests, vast grasslands, tropical rainforests, savannas vast rivers, and lakes with strange wild animals.
The Red Sea borders it on the east, the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Mediterranean Sea on the north, and the Indian Ocean on the south. It is also home to a wide variety of plants and animals, including elephants, lions, giraffes, and crocodiles. Let’s know the list of African countries and capital. Well, let’s explore Africa’s Continent Area, Countries List Map, and Capitals.
- There are 54 countries in the African continent
- The largest country in Africa – Algeria
- Smallest Country of Africa – Meoti
- Longest River of Africa – Nile River
- Highest mountain peak of Africa – Kilimanjaro (5895 m)
|Central African Republic||Bangui||Africa|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||Kinshasa||Africa|
|Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville||Africa|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||São Tomé||Africa|
List of North America Continent Countries, and their Capital
The North American continent is the world’s third-largest continent, after Asia and Africa. and the third largest in terms of area and has a total of 41 countries. The world’s most powerful countries, the United States and Canada, are spread over most of this continent. The Atlantic Ocean borders it on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Caribbean Sea and the Southern Ocean on the south. The North American continent is also known as the New World. let’s know about North America Continent Area, Countries List Map, and Capitals
- There are 23 countries in the North America Continent
- North America was discovered by – Columbus in 1492 AD
- The largest country in North America – Canada
- The smallest country in North America – Saint-Pierre
- Longest River of North America – Mississippi-Missouri
- Highest mountain peak in North America – Denali (6194 m)
|North American Countries||Capitals||Continent|
|Anguilla (UK)||The Valley||North American|
|Antigua and Barbuda||St. John’s||North American|
|Aruba (Neth.)||Oranjestad||North American|
|Bermuda (UK)||Hamilton||North American|
|Bonaire (Neth.)||Kralendijk||North American|
|British Virgin Islands (UK)||Road Town||North American|
|Cayman Islands (UK)||George Town||North American|
|Clipperton Island (France)||none||North American|
|Costa Rica||San Jose||North American|
|Curaçao (Neth.)||Willemstad||North American|
|Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo||North American|
|El Salvador||San Salvador||North American|
|Greenland (Denmark)||Nuuk||North American|
|Grenada||St. George’s||North American|
|Guadeloupe (France)||Basse-Terre||North American|
|Guatemala||Guatemala City||North American|
|Martinique (France)||Fort-de-France||North American|
|Mexico||Mexico City||North American|
|Montserrat (UK)||Plymouth; Brades||North American|
|Navassa Island (US)||none||North American|
|Panama||Panama City||North American|
|Puerto Rico (US)||San Juan||North American|
|Saba (Neth.)||The Bottom||North American|
|Saint Barthélemy (France)||Gustavia||North American|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||North American|
|Saint Lucia||Castries||North American|
|Saint Martin (France)||Marigot||North American|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)||Saint-Pierre||North American|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown||North American|
|Sint Eustatius (Neth.)||Oranjestad||North American|
|Sint Maarten (Neth.)||Philipsburg||North American|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Port of Spain||North American|
|Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)||Cockburn Town||North American|
|United States of America||Washington, D.C.||North American|
|United States Virgin Islands (US)||Charlotte Amalie||North American|
List of South American Continent Countries and their Capitals
South America continent, which is the fifth-largest continent by population and the fourth largest continent by area, has a total of 14 countries. It is the world’s longest continent and is almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Due to the mineral salts and natural sources in this continent, most of the part is surrounded by dense forests, mountains, and mountains.
It is also called Latin America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Caribbean Sea on the north. The continent consists of a huge range of countries, including Brazil, Argentina, and Peru. The continent is known for its diverse landscape, including the Amazon rainforest, the Andes mountains, and the world’s highest mountain range, the Andes. so lets us know more about South America Continent Area, Countries List Map, and Capitals
- There are 14 countries on the South American Continent
- The largest country in South America – Brazil
- Smallest Country of South America – Falkland Islands
- Longest River of South America – Amazon
- Highest mountain peak of South America – Aconcagua / Aconcagua / Aconcagua [ Aconcagua ] ( 6906 m)
|South American Countries||Capital||Continent|
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||South American|
|Bolivia||La Paz||South American|
|Falkland Islands||Stanley||South American|
|French Guiana||Cayenne||South American|
List of Antarctica Continent Countries, and their Capitals
Antarctica is the only continent in the world in which there is not a single country, which means if you are asked the question that how many countries are there in the continent of Antarctica, then the answer is that there is not a single country in the continent of Antarctica. The continent of Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in the world by area. It is the only continent where not a single human being lives. Because this continent is covered with ice from all sides. Antarctica Continent is covered with 98% ice. It is also called the oceanic continent. The highest mountain peak – is Vinson Massif (5140 m).
- There is not a single country on the continent of Antarctica.
- The temperature of Antarctica – 18.3 °C
- Longest River in Antarctica Continent – Onyx (32 km)
- Highest mountain peak on Antarctica Continent – Binson Massif (5140 m)
But in 1959 there was a treaty in which some countries, in order to experiment at this place, had divided their place in it and the names of those countries are Australia, Chile, France, Argentina, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom who have done the most. The first treaty made its place on this continent, after which other countries such as America and Russia, including 46 countries joined this treaty.
The continent of Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent in the world, covering an area of about 14,000,000 square kilometers. This continent, the coldest of the seven continents of the world, is completely surrounded by about 98 percent ice throughout the year, around this continent is the Southern Ocean.
List of Europe Continent Countries, and their Capitals
Europe is the 6th largest continent in the world by area, and the 3rd largest continent by population. it is the smallest continent in the northern hemisphere. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea to the south, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. well, in the below section we will know more about Europe Continent Area, Countries List Map, and Capitals
- There are 44 countries on the Europe Continent
- The largest country on Europe Continent- Russia
- Smallest Country in Europe Continent– Vatican City
- Longest River in Europe Continent– Volga
- Highest mountain peak on Europe Continent– Elbrusch (5,642 m)
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||Sarajevo||Europe|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam, The Hague (political Capital)||Europe|
|San Marino||San Marino||Europe|
|Vatican City||Vatican City||Europe|
List of Australia/Oceania Continent Countries, and their Capitals
In terms of population and area, Australia is the world’s smallest continent. It is also called the insular Oceania continent. It was discovered by James Cook in 1770 AD. Australia is called the land of thirsty land because it receives very little rainfall over a large part of it. so let’s find out more information about the List of Australia/Oceania Continent Area, Countries List Map, and Capitals
- There are 14 countries on the Australia/Oceania Continent
- There are also 09 countries that are controlled by another country.
- Discovered by – James Cook in 1770 AD
- The largest country in Australia – Australia
- The smallest country in Australia – Nauru
- Longest River in Australia – Murray-Darling
- Highest mountain peak in Australia – Kosciuszko mountain
|American Samoa||Pago Pago||Australia and Oceania|
|Australia||Canberra||Australia and Oceania|
|Christmas Island (Australia)||Flying Fish Cove||Australia and Oceania|
|Cocos (Keeling) Islands||West Island||Australia and Oceania|
|Cook Islands||Avarua||Australia and Oceania|
|Fiji||Suva||Australia and Oceania|
|French Polynesia||Papeete||Australia and Oceania|
|Guam||Hagatna||Australia and Oceania|
|Kiribati||Bairiki||Australia and Oceania|
|Marshall Islands||Majuro||Australia and Oceania|
|Nauru||Yaren||Australia and Oceania|
|New Caledonia||Noumea||Australia and Oceania|
|New Zealand||Wellington||Australia and Oceania|
|Niue||Alofi||Australia and Oceania|
|Norfolk Island||Kingston||Australia and Oceania|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Saipan||Australia and Oceania|
|Palau||Koror||Australia and Oceania|
|Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby||Australia and Oceania|
|Pitcairn Island||Adamstown||Australia and Oceania|
|Samoa||Apia||Australia and Oceania|
|Solomon Islands||Honiara||Australia and Oceania|
|Tokelau||Nukunonu||Australia and Oceania|
|Tonga||Nuku’alofa||Australia and Oceania|
|Tuvalu||Funafuti||Australia and Oceania|
|Vanuatu||Port-Vila||Australia and Oceania|
|Virgin Islands (British)||Road Town||Australia and Oceania|
|Virgin Islands (US)||Charlotte Amalie||Australia and Oceania|
|Wallis and Futuna||Mata-Utu||Australia and Oceania|
Ten largest countries in the world by the total area of km2
Do you know which is the largest country in our world? This is a confusing question. We know that 71% of the entire earth is occupied by water, and the remaining 29% of the land is inhabited by all different countries. Russia is the largest country in the world with a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers.
Similarly, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, with an area of 0.44 square kilometers. The top 10 largest countries of the world by landmass area are described below. It covers 49 percent of the world’s area, whereas the remaining 186 countries cover 51 percent of the world’s area. the below describe the 10 largest countries in the world by area, their capital, Landmass area, Percentage of the total land area of the world, Area of the country
|Country||capital||Area (km2)||Percentage of the |
the total land
area of the world
|Area of the country ( km2 )|
|Russia||Moscow||17,098,242||11.52 %||1 crore 71 lakh|
|Canada||Ottawa||9,984,670||6.73 %||99.84 lakh|
|America||Washington D.C.||9,833,517||6.5 %||98.26 lakh|
|China||Beijing||9,597,000||6.4 %||95.96 lakh|
|Brazil||Brasilia||8,515,770||5.7 %||85.14 lakh|
|Australia||Canberra||7,741,220||5.2 %||77.41 lakh|
|India||New Delhi||3,287,263||2.3 %||32.87 lakh|
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||2,780,400||2 %||27.80 lakh|
|Kazakhstan||Nursultan||2,724,900||1.8 %||27.24 lakh|
Top Ten Smallest countries in the world by the total area of km2
Do you know that the Top 10 smallest countries in the world in total cover an area of only about 1491.4 km2. well, the below describe the 10 smallest countries in the world their capital, Landmass area, Percentage of the total land area of the world, Area of the country.
|San Marino||San Marino||61|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||269|
Important Facts and Questions about continents
How many continents are there in the world?
There are total 7 continents in the world. Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, and Antarctica. In which the world’s largest continent is Asia and the world’s smallest continent is Australia. Which is about 30% of the total land area of the Earth and 8.7% of the total area of the Earth. Over the 71% water and 29% land area which is spread over an area of 510.1 million square kilometers.
Which is the largest continent in the world?
The world’s largest continent is Asia, which covers about 30% of the world’s area. The Maldives is the smallest country in the continent of Asia, which is located to the south of India.
Which is The smallest continent in the world?
Australia is the second smallest continent and the second smallest continent is Antarctica. It covers only 5.9% of the entire Earth’s landmass.
Which is the second-largest continent in the world?
Africa is the second-largest and second-most-populous continent in the world after Asia. Which is spread over 30,370,000 square kilometers, which is about 20% of the total land area of the Earth and 6% of the total area of the Earth.
which is the largest country in the world
According to the landmass area, Russia is the largest country in the world. Russia has an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers, including 16,377,742 square kilometers of land and 720,500 square kilometers of water.
Russia stretches from the Pacific Ocean in the east to the Baltic Sea in the west for a length of 9000 km and extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Caucasus Mountains in the south for a length of 4,500 km. Russia has Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and the largest lake. Ladoga Lake.
The highest mountain in Russia is Mount Elbrus which is 5,642 m high. Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Europe. Russia shares its borders with 14 countries – Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea.
which is the second-largest country in the world
according to the Landmass area, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. The area of Canada is 9,984,670 km². The total land area is 9,093,507 km and the water area is 891,163 km. Canada is located near the North Pole, northern part of Canada is completely covered with snow
which is the smallest country in the world
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, This country has only 110 acres of land, and the population is only around 800 to 1000. Vatican City is known as the holiest city for Christians around the world. Earlier it was under Italy, but in 1929 it became independent, the Latin, and Italian language is spoken here, while the euro is in use as a currency
which is the second smallest country in the world
Monaco, the second smallest country by area in the world covers an area of only 499 acres.